ASPIRA press release expressing outrage over an advertisement released in the New York Times by the "US English movement," July 25, 1989. The press release criticized misrepresentations of the bilingual education system, and emphasized its existence as fundamental. The Puerto Rican/Latino Education Roundtable distributed the press release. ASPIRA was founded in 1961 by Puerto Rican-born Antonia Pantoja to counter a high dropout rate by Puerto Rican youth in New York City's high schools. Pantoja emphasized leadership development and community service, as well as a commitment to educational excellence. In 1968, ASPIRA America grew out of the original organization, now know as the ASPIRA Association, with offices in several states and Puerto Rico.